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Settlement Fund vs. Qualified Settlement Fund (QSF)

Settlement - Settlement Fund vs. Qualified Settlement Fund

A settlement fund is an account where the defendant’s payment holds (escrow) funds payable to the plaintiffs. Informal settlement fund escrow accounts have become less common due to their limitations compared to Qualified Settlement Funds (“QSFs”).

Both settlement funds and QSFs help settle legal disputes, offering a way to distribute settlement funds. Knowing the difference between a settlement fund and a QSF and how they function is crucial for individuals contemplating settling a legal issue.

Understanding the Basics:

Definition and Purposes of a Settlement Fund vs a QSF

A settlement fund, sometimes known as an escrow fund, compensation fund, or claims fund, is a pool of money set aside to resolve a legal dispute or pending claim(s). It is a financial resource from which disburses a defendant’s settlement obligations to the appropriate affected individuals or entities. The primary purpose of settlement funds is to provide streamlined and efficient ways to resolve disputes, provide tax benefits, promote fairness, and ensure that the parties receive their equitable share. However, ordinary settlement funds are not tax-efficient and typically do not offer the same financial flexibility and protections as a QSF. On the other hand, QSFs have built-in tax efficiencies for both plaintiffs and defendants that ordinary settlement funds do not provide.

By establishing a “QSF” settlement fund, the defendants can avoid contentious, lengthy, tax-inefficient, and costly post-settlement distribution processes and receive an immediate resolution and tax deduction. Likewise, with a QSF, plaintiffs have virtually unlimited time to settle secondary claims, create financial plans, and minimize tax burdens.

Exploring the Role of Settlement Funds

Both settlement funds and QSFs help streamline and simplify the resolution process for all involved parties, including the courts, by resolving all related claims via a single fund that acts as the alter ego of the defendant(s) and disburses the associated funds.

Furthermore, settlement funds and Qualified Settlement Funds both provide an expedient resolution process, which is particularly advantageous in cases where plaintiffs may face financial hardships, require immediate financial assistance, or have secondary disputes, complex liens, or government benefit considerations.

In cases where multiple plaintiffs are involved, both a QSF and a settlement fund allow for an equitable distribution of the available funds among all the affected parties and ensure that all claimants receive their fair share and benefit from the tax-deferred time to plan adequately.

Settlement funds and QFS can also offer confidentiality and privacy to the parties involved; thus, settlement negotiations, terms, and associated confidentiality agreements can remain private.

However, only Qualified Settlement Funds created under Section 468B provide and preserve valuable tax, financial planning, and other benefits for the defendant and plaintiffs. Non-QSF settlement funds do not have the same tax benefits and, in fact, may accelerate taxation and erode valuable tax planning options that would be available via a Qualified Settlement Fund.

Components of a QSF Settlement Fund

A QSF has several essential components, including:


IRS regulation requires the approval of the creation of a QSF by a “governmental authority.” Proven platforms such as QSF 360 provide a quick and easy online platform to create a QSF in as little as one business day.

Transfers (Contributions)

Once established, a QSF requires the transfer of funds from the defendants or responsible parties into the QSF.


Once the settlement fund, as a QSF, is established, administration by independent and experienced QSF administrators is necessary. The QSF Trustees and QSF Administrators are responsible for overseeing the QSF funds, ensuring compliance with Section 468B and the agreed-upon settlement terms, and managing the distribution of compensation to the claimants.

Settlement fund administrators are crucial in implementing the necessary procedures and controls to ensure the distribution process is carried out according to settlement terms.


The distribution process may involve several steps, such as establishing claimants’ eligibility, calculating the appropriate allocation, resolving liens and secondary disputes, and issuing payments to the plaintiffs. To ensure transparency and accountability, the QSF administrators must maintain accurate records of all distributions and provide regular reports to the relevant parties.


Establishing and utilizing non-QSF settlement funds and Qualified Settlement Funds provides a solution for resolving legal disputes fairly and efficiently. However, Qualified Settlement Funds (QSF) settlement funds are generally a superior solution to “non-QSF” settlement funds. By establishing a “QSF” settlement fund, the defendants can avoid contentious, lengthy, tax-inefficient, and costly post-settlement distribution processes and receive an immediate tax deduction.

Further, the Plaintiffs benefit from valuable tax advantages and additional financial planning flexibility and time.

To access more educational information about settlement funds and Qualified Settlement Funds, visit here.

Disclosure: This content is an overview. It is not a detailed analysis and offers no legal or tax opinion on which you should solely rely. Always seek the advice of competent legal and tax advisors to review your specific facts and circumstances before making any decisions or relying on the content herein.
Any opinions, views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the content contained herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the Eastern Point Trust Company, its Affiliates, or their clients. The mere appearance of content does not constitute an endorsement by Eastern Point Trust Company (“EPTC”) or its Affiliates. The author’s opinions are based upon information they consider reliable, but neither EPTC nor its Affiliates, nor the company with which such author(s) are affiliated, warrant completeness, accuracy or disclosure of opposing interpretations.

EPTC and its Affiliates disclaim all liability to any party for any direct, indirect, implied, special, incidental, or other consequential damages arising directly or indirectly from any use of the content herein, which is expressly provided as is, without warranties.
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